Crusader invasion of Egypt. In , after the Frankish attempt to reoccupy Edessa, Nur ad-Din massacred the local Armenian Christian population of the city and destroyed its fortifications, [a]  in punishment for assisting Joscelin in this attempt. Shawar immediately expelled Shirkuh and allied with Amalric, who arrived to besiege Shirkuh at Bilbeis. Damascus was all that remained as an obstacle to the unification of Syria. As there was now nothing the crusaders could do in Syria, they were forced to look to the south if they wanted to expand their territory. Nur ad-Din’s victories and the Crusader’s losses in Asia Minor however had made the recovery of Edessa — their original goal — practically impossible.
The growing weakness of Damascus under Mujir ad-Din allowed Nur ad-Din to overthrow him in , with help from the population of the city. In he signed a bilateral treaty with Mu’in ad-Din Unur , governor of Damascus. This page was last edited on 26 December , at Nur ad-Din took advantage of the failure of the Crusade to prepare another attack against Antioch. In and Nur ad-Din besieged the city, but retreated each time with no success, aside from empty recognition of his suzerainty. However, he fell ill that year and the crusaders were given a brief respite from his attacks. Nevertheless, he tolerated the Christians who lived under his authority, aside from the Armenians of Edessa, and regarded the Emperor Manuel with deep respect.
Nur ad-Din took advantage of the failure of the Crusade to prepare another attack against Antioch. Joscelin was blinded and died in his prison in Aleppo in In Amalric sought an alliance with Emperor Manuel and invaded Egypt once more. According to Thomas Asbridgethe women and children of Edessa were enslaved.
waqya noor ud din zangi R.A k khawab ka. – video dailymotion
Almost as soon as he began his rule, Nur ad-Din attacked the Principality of Antiochseizing several castles in the north of Syria, while at the same time he defeated an moviie by Joscelin II to recover the County of Edessawhich had been conquered by Zengi in Sir Steven Runciman said that he loved, above mvie else, justice.
In contrast to Nur ad-Din’s respectful reaction to the death of Baldwin III, Amalric I immediately besieged Banias upon learning of the emir’s death, and extorted a vast amount of money from his widow. Damascus was annexed to Zengid territory, and all of Syria was unified under the authority ddin Nur ad-Din, from Edessa in the north to the Hauran in the south.
One last invasion of Egypt was launched by Amalric movvie Manuel, but it was disorganized and came nor nothing. In he signed a bilateral treaty with Mu’in ad-Din Unurgovernor of Damascus. That year, Shawar was overthrown by Dirgham; soon afterwards, the King of JerusalemAmalric Iled an offensive against Egypt, on the pretext that the Fatimids were not paying the tribute they had promised to pay during the reign of Baldwin III.
William of Tyre reports that Nur ad-Din said “We should sympathize with their grief and in pity spare them, because they have lost a prince such as the rest of the world does not possess today.
Soon after he returned, he learned of the death of King Baldwin III of Jerusalemand out of respect for such a formidable opponent he refrained from attacking the crusader kingdom: Nur ad-Din was the second son of Imad ad-Din Zengithe Turkish atabeg of Aleppo and Mosulwho was a devoted enemy of the crusader presence in Syria.
Sultan Noor Ud Din Muhammad Zangi
He considered the crusaders foreigners in Muslim territory, who had come to Outremer to plunder the land and profane its sacred places. He held court several times a week so that people could seek justice from him against his generals, governors, or other employees who had committed some crime.
Qutb ad-Din recognized Nur ad-Din as overlord of Mosul, so that the major cities of Mosul and Aleppo were united under one man.
Amalric followed him at the beginning ofand a formal treaty was established between Amalric and Shawar, with the nominal support of the caliph. There, Nur ad-Din routed the combined armies of Antioch and Tripoli, but refused to attack Antioch itself, fearing reprisals from the Byzantines.
Dirgham was killed during Shirkuh’s invasion and Shawar was restored as vizier. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. However, Nur ad-Din sent ambassadors and negotiated an alliance with the emperor against the Seljuks, much to the crusaders’ dismay.
After conquering Egypt, Nur ad-Din believed that he had accomplished his goal of uniting the Muslim states, but Saladin did not wish to be movue to his authority.
Nur ad-Din (died 1174)
However, he fell ill that year and the crusaders were given a brief respite from his attacks. Bywith Antioch under nominal Byzantine control and the crusader states further south powerless to make any further attacks on Syria, Nur ad-Din made a pilgrimage to Mecca. In response, Dirgham allied with Amalric, but the king could not mobilize in time to save him.
Shawar immediately expelled Shirkuh and allied with Amalric, who arrived to besiege Shirkuh at Bilbeis. Nur ad-Din, or known as Nourn Dinh, is one of the martyrs venerated by the syncretistic Vietnamese religion of Cao Dai.
This campaign noro and he was forced to return to Jerusalembut it provoked Nur ad-Din to lead a campaign of his own against the crusaders in Syria in order to turn their attention away from Egypt.
Inhe launched an offensive against the territories dominated by the castle of Harim, situated on the eastern bank of the Orontesafter which he besieged the castle of Inab.
The Damascene chronicler Ibn al-Qalanisi generally speaks of Nur ad-Din in majestic terms, although he himself died inand unfortunately did not witness the later events of Nur ad-Din’s reign.
It was Nur ad-Din’s dream to unite the various Muslim forces between the Euphrates and the Nile to make a common front against the crusaders.
Mujir ad-Din, however, was a weaker ruler than his predecessor, and he also agreed to pay an annual tribute to the crusaders in exchange for their protection.
Given that Aleppo was too far off from Jerusalem for an attack and Damascus, recently allied with the Kingdom of Jerusalem against Zengi, had entered into an alliance with Nur ad-Din, the Crusaders decided to attack Damascus, the conquest of which would preclude a combination of Jerusalem’s enemies.
The border between the two new kingdoms was formed by the Nahr al-Khabur River.